Rajasthan's rich culture is exhibited via its majestic forts, royal palaces, vibrant festivals, delicious food, performing arts, and even traditional costumes. The traditional outfit is colourful and elaborate, and is still proudly worn by Rajasthanis. Here’s an introduction to Rajasthan’s traditional dress.
Traditional attire for Rajasthani women is ghagra, choli (also called kanchli or kurti) and odhni. The ghagra is a full-length, embroidered and pleated skirt, which comes in a variety of colours, prints and fabrics, such as silk, cotton, georgette and crêpe. Of all the various prints, the laharia, bandhej, tie 'n dye, chundri and mothra are the most widely worn. To impart royal elegance, antique borders and Jaipuri gota-patti work are incorporated to the ghagra.
The kanchli, choli or kurti are the upper-body wear. These are colourful and intricately designed and shaped as per the specific body measurements. For an ethnic touch, they are embellished with mirror-work, beads and sequins, coral and shells, and creative-cut work.
Elaborate necklaces, like Jadau sets, aad (chokers) and Raani Har (long necklaces to the belly button) are worn around the neck, especially by women from affluent families.
Traditional Royal Rajasthani Clothing
The regional flair and palate can be seen in Rajasthani Traditional Clothing. The royal and rich costumes were devised exquisitely by the special people during older times. In order to care for the dresses of king and queen, there were two designated sections, namely Kapaddwadra and Toshakhanand. Rajput kings loved to wear high-end dresses. Hence they were multi-coloured and upscale clothing. Expensive materials were used to design royal cloths from Gujarat and Varanasi, and woven and embroidered Kashmiri shawls were favoured by Royal men and women.
Footwear of Rajasthan
Most of the shoes are devised from sheep, camel or goat skin, which are called as Mojaris or Jootis. These shoes are attractively crafted with striking embroidery over velvet or brocade.
Costumes of Women in Rajasthan
Women of Rajasthan wear a lengthy skirt known as Ghaghra, Choli or Kurti (blouses and tops) with an Odhini. The Ghaghra reaches above the ankle that consists of a narrow waist increasing the flare and width of the base. Ghaghra is usually unfolded from the lower end such as usual skirts. The pleats and width are the sign of health of females. Ghaghras can be found in varied styles and colours. They are very prominent among women in Rajasthan, generally made of cotton, coloured and designed with Laharia, Chunari and Mothra prints.
The one corner of Odhni is well tucked inside the skirt and the other end is worn over the right shoulder or the head. The motifs and colours which are offered on this dress are exclusive to caste, worn seldom. Both Muslim and Hindu women wear this type of clothing. Odhni can be found in diversecolours and styles and it is commonly selected as per the colour of the particular skirt that is worn with it.
Costumes of Men in Rajasthan
The turban called Pagri, Pyjamas, Angarkha, Dhoti, Waistband (Patka) and Kamarbandh are primary clothing of men in Rajasthan.
Pagri (turban) is a vital part of men’s costume in Rajasthan. The way turban is worn includes a unique meaning to Rajasthani men as it is a symbol of the region and caste to which the individual belongs. Turbans can be found in various colours, shapes and sizes. Additionally, special types of Pagris are worn during big events and festivals. People living in Udaipur are habitual of tying a flat Pagri over their head, while people of Jaipur favour an angular Pagri. Jodhpur men like to wear Safa consisting of curved bands. More than 1000 varieties of Pagris are worn by men in Rajasthan. A normal Pagri is usually eight inches wide and eighty-two feet long. Most of the common men in Rajasthan wear only one colour of Pagri, whereas rich men wear multi-coloured and fashionable turbans.